HISTORY AND EVOLUTION
The beginning of Amharic language can be followed back to 1000B.C. in the time of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheeba. The Amharic public living in North of Ethiopia have importance joined to this language as Amharic was named after them.
The birthplaces of the Amharic language are followed back to the first thousand years B.C. Ethiopia alongside the Amharic language is supposed to be relatives of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. As settlers from southwestern Arabia crossed the Red Sea into present-day Eritrea and blended in with the Cushitic populace. New dialects framed because of this union,e.g., Ge'ez. Ge'ez was the old style language of the Axum Empire of Northern Ethiopia. It existed between the first Century A.D. furthermore, the sixth Century A.D. At the point when the force base of Ethiopia moved from Axum to Amhara between the tenth Century A.D. furthermore, the twelfth Century A.D., the utilization of the Amharic language spread its impact, subsequently turning into the public language. Amharic has a significant number of the language characteristics from the Axum Empire.
Numerous parts of Amharic can be followed back to different dialects. For instance the Ethiopian orthography, Ge'ez. This was the language of the domain preceding the Amhara realm. Whenever Amharic was spread it actually kept the orthography of the exemplary language.
Amharic Writing System
Amharic is composed utilizing Fidel, ፊደል, which outgrew the Geez. Present day Amharic has acquired its arrangement of composing via the language of the old realm of Axum, Geez, which is as yet the old style and ministerial language of Ethiopia. The roots, at that point, of Amharic orthography; like those of the actual language, are Semitic. Both Geez and the connected dialects of Ethiopia are composed and perused from left to right, as opposed to the next Semitic dialects like Arabic and Hebrew.
Amharic has its own composing framework, a semi-syllabic framework. It has 33 essential characters, each addressing a consonant and each having 7 varieties in structure to show the vowel which follows the consonant. These 33 arrangements of 7 structures are the "standard characters"; however close to them there are likewise various "diphthong characters", each addressing a consonant and an after vowel with a w sound (or, in one case, a y sound) intervened between them. Recorded as a hard copy, none of them is essential on the grounds that similar sounds can generally be addressed by blends of the conventional characters, yet a large number of them are in like manner use and, overall, they can't be overlooked.
- Vernaculars: The primary lingos of Amharic language are Wollo, Gondar, Goijam and Shewa.
- Letters in order: The complete number of letters utilized in Amharic is 33.
- Composing System: The content of Amharic is an alpha syllabary, and the littlest unit in this composing framework is known as Fidel.
- Content Direction: This language is composed from left to right.
- Vowels: The quantity of vowels utilized in Amharic language is seven.
- Future Tense: The past and the current states are accessible for Amharic language yet no future tense is incorporated.
- Unbiased Language: Amharic language incorporates both manly and ladylike sexes; consequently it isn't sexually impartial. There are various approaches to specify sexes.
- Antiquated Forms: The Classical Ethiopic has profited Amharic such that it has given it the old plural structures.
- Composed Amharic: One of the prestigious bits of writing is a novel like Fiqir Iske Meqabr composed by Haddis Alemayehu, which has been subsequently deciphered in English also and distributed in 2005, named Love into Crypt.
- Amharic Literature: The Amharic writing has acquired its prominence as the years progressed. A couple of types in which Amharic writing has acquired its acknowledgment incorporate instruction, religion, books, verse, clinical ideas, specialized information, and word references. Book of scriptures has too been converted into Amharic a few times. In the beginning of nineteenth century, book of scriptures was first deciphered by Abu Rumi in Amharic.